Variants are a common alternative spellings that occur for a specific surname. The Guild defines a variant as a name spelling which varies from the primary name spelling (or another variant spelling) used by that person’s ancestors and which is:
- A name spelling that the person was known to have used, through signature evidence on wills, marriage bonds etc or other documents originating from the individual concerned, or
- A name spelling used by officials on a consistent and persistent basis over a period of years.
For the purposes of the Volčík Name Study, the following variants are being investigated: